1. first person point of view– narrator tells the story from her/her vantage point based on what he/she knows (use words like “I,” “me,” “we,”, “us”)
2.third person point of view – narrates the story as if they are looking in on the story and seeing the events (uses words like “he,” “she,” “they,” “them”)
3. conflict- a struggle between two opposing forces
Example: Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader had many conflicts.
4. resolution – solving a problem
Example: My dog was becoming obese (problem).
We bought our dog healthy weight dog food and made a commitment to walk her every day (resolution).
5. figurative language – word or phrase that doesn’t have the same basic everyday meaning**figuratively speaking; not literally
Examples of figurative language include: onomatopoeias (sounds), similes (comparison between two things using “like” or “as”), metaphors (comparing two thing NOT using “like” or “as”), idioms (That’s a piece of cake/ It’s raining cats and dogs), hyperboles (If I don’t get a dog, I will die), personification (The stars danced in the sky), etc.
6. idioms – a phrase or expression with a meaning that’s different than the meaning of its separate words
Examples: Best of both words, the ball is in your court, cant judge a book by its cover, feeling a bit under the weather
7. mostly about– when deciding what a paragraph or story is mostly about, decide what idea/topic is being repeated. If it’s barely mentioned or is just a small, supporting detail, then that’s NOT what the paragraph, or story, is mostly about.
8. similarities – when two or more things are alike or resemble one another
Examples: Fish and whales are similar in that they can both swim and live in water.
9. rephrase – to phrase again (usually in a different way)
Example: He rephrased his question so his teacher could understand exactly what he meant.
10. genre – a classification of literature, music, art, or poetry
Examples of genres: science fiction, adventure, folklore, mystery, biography
11. convey – to make something known to someone
Nathan’s mother conveys (shows) her love for him by making his lunch every day.
12. prefix – letter or letters added to the beginning of a word that changes the word’s meaning
Example: like DISlike (adding the prefix DIS means you do NOT like it)
13. suffix – letter or letters added to the end of a word that changes its meaning
Example: kindness joyous wonderful
14. root word/base word – the base part of a word without the prefix and/or suffix
Example: mistreated (root word is TREAT) unbelievable (root word is believe)
15. determine – to decide
Example: I determined that she was a great friend because of her kindness and loyalty.